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Natural Birth in the Tudor Era

What qualified as a natural birth in the 16th century? In this post, we look at what the Birth of Mankind, from 1540, had to say about a natural birth in the Tudor Era including birthing positions, recipes for potions, pessaries, vaginal incense, pain relieving lubricants, herbal baths with toxic heavy metals, as well as what kind of diet and exercise the Tudor woman should have in later pregnancy and during labor.

Beatrice Baxter Ruyl

Beatrice Baxter Ruyl was a progressive, well-educated woman who came of age at the turn of the 20th century. She worked as an illustrator and author, focusing on depictions of the Zuni Pueblo, but she is best recognized as the subject of breastfeeding photography by Gertrude Kasebier in the early 1900’s.