Urine is a used for pregnancy tests now… and in 17th century Europe.
Learn about the humoral theory and it’s ideas about pregnancy, birth, and infant care including breastfeeding.
Beatrice Baxter Ruyl was a progressive, well-educated woman who came of age at the turn of the 20th century. She worked as an illustrator and author, focusing on depictions of the Zuni Pueblo, but she is best recognized as the subject of breastfeeding photography by Gertrude Kasebier in the early 1900’s.
What was measles like for people before vaccination? Watch or read about measles in the Tudor era.
Scribonia Attice was a midwife in ancient Rome; a well-respected professional who considered herself the equal of her husband, a surgeon.
An Egyptologist from 1904 considers the infant carriers found on a 3,500 year old tomb wall.
In 1913, breastfeeding was highly recommended by medical professionals due to the high infant mortality associated with cow milk substitutes. But how were new mothers educated about breastfeeding? The recommendations might surprise you. Boracic acid, anyone?